Blog

How organic farming contributes to achieving the objectives of the sustainable development goals

GOAL 2 END HUNGER, ACHIEVE FOOD SECURITY AND IMPROVED NUTRITION, AND PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

Organic agriculture supports and enhances ecologically sound systems of food production that can achieve food security by increasing and stabilizing yields, improving resistance to pests and diseases, reducing poverty through less expensive chemical inputs.

Increasing yield should be achieved without further exacerbating the negative environmental impacts of industrial agriculture. Engaging with farmers particularly female farmers is of major importance as it has been shown by FAO that women with the same access to productive resources could increase yields on their farms by 20– 30 percent compared to men. Finally, paying farmers a fair price for their produce will go a long way toward ensuring farmers can live off the land.

Sustainable farming systems facilitate sustainable food production. To date the effects of industrial agriculture, include air and water pollution, soil degradation, and loss of biodiversity.

Organic agriculture can be beneficial to adapt to climate change and weather extremities by preventing nutrient and water loss through high organic matter content and soil covers which makes soils more resilient to floods, droughts and land degradation processes.

GOAL 3 ENSURE HEALTHY LIVES AND PROMOTE WELL-BEING FOR ALL AT ALL AGES

Traces of Pesticide have been found in food, water and the air and these has also been linked to headaches and nausea to chronic impacts such as cancer, reproductive harm, diabetes and endocrine disruption. Incessant use of chemicals in farming is depleting soils and contaminating water. Thus good organic practices the use of chemicals could be eliminated and it could make a significant contribution to reducing their harmful effects on people and the planet and contribute to wellbeing for all.

GOAL 6 ENSURE AVAILABILITY & SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF WATER AND SANITATION FOR ALL

In addition, the elimination of toxic chemicals in agriculture will hamper pesticide runoff into waterways, which can affect the fishes and drinking water.

GOAL 12 ENSURE SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION & PRODUCTION PATTERNS

Furthermore, a shift toward organic farming might promote many benefits to the efficient use of natural resources such as soil, water and air.

GOAL 13 TAKE URGENT ACTION TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPACTS

Soil management is an important part of organic cultivation methods. Soil degradation by unsustainable farming has released large quantities of carbon into the atmosphere. By dispensing with chemical fertilizers and organic farming methods such as minimum tillage, recycling of crop residues into the soil, the use of cover crops and crop rotations as well as the stronger integration of nitrogen-fixing legumes is increasing the return of carbon into the soil.

GOAL 15 PROTECT, RESTORE AND PROMOTE SUSTAINABLE USE OF TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS, SUSTAINABLY MANAGE FORESTS, COMBAT DESERTIFICATION, AND HALT AND REVERSE LAND DEGRADATION AND HALT BIODIVERSITY LOSS

The current biodiversity loss can be considered as one of the greatest extinction crises. The reason varies from excessive use of fertilizers to the effects of human-induced climate change. Many study have shown that organically managed lands have higher percentage of semi-natural habitats and host more species and more individuals than nonorganic farms.

If you want to more about it:

http://www.fao.org/3/I9900EN/i9900en.pdf
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/topics/foodagriculture